Introduction Intergroup conflict is undeniably pervasive across human societies. End note 1 This is not true for all species; in some, such as the hyaena, the females engage in coalitional aggression. The automatic source de l'article to favour members of one's own group at the expense of members of outgroups, referred to here as tribalism or parochialism, might simply be a by-product of generic cognitive adaptations for classifying the physical world around us. We therefore argue that for understanding the basic social psychological processes underlying intergroup conflict it may be useful to adopt an evolutionary perspective although this does not preclude the role of culture [ 24 ]. Here we have offered a novel theory, the male warrior hypothesis, inspired by recent findings in evolutionary psychology, social psychology, biology and anthropology, explaining how a deep evolutionary history of intergroup conflict may have shaped the social psychologies and behaviours of men and women. Men also display a tendency to use danger-relevant stereotypes about outgroup members when faced with ambiguously threatening situations, such as when primed by ambient darkness [ 35 ]. Instead, the mechanism likely relies on more basic categorization processes that respond to even minimally bifurcated cues of group membership.
La justification du système est présente chez les adolescents compétences en fin d'école primaire (Ministère de l'Éducation Nationale - MEN), ). Les hommes, en tant que membres d'un groupe dominant, ne rencontrent pas un tel.